Specific Type: Inverted Coaster
Located in Brühl, Germany, Phantasialand is a highly themed amusement park with four roller coasters. The largest of which is Black Mamba, an inverted coaster built by Bolliger & Mabillard with an African theme. Named after an African snake, this ride “snakes” through many ravines and tunnels and features four inversions.
Opened on May 24, 2006, Black Mamba was built at a cost of nearly 11 million euros. The African theming cost as much as the ride itself. The station is enclosed and around ⅔ of the track is below ground level, in dug-out ravines.
Upon leaving the station, the train makes an indoor 90 degree turn and starts climbing the chain lift hill. Near the top, riders enter another building. Upon cresting the lift hill the train leaves the building and drops down, curving to the right. The drop levels out and riders travel around the vertical loop and through the zero-g roll. The track then curves tightly upwards to the right, banking riders at close to a 180 degree angle. This element is called a “jr. immelmann” as it is a similar shape to an immelmann element but does not invert riders fully. Riders then dive down and through a short tunnel before entering a corkscrew - this takes riders by surprise as it can’t be seen until it’s entered. The track then takes a banked turn to the right and dips down, through another tunnel and into the second surprise corkscrew. The finale is a series of left and right turns, taken at high speed. The train then enters the final tunnel and, indoors, hits the brake run.
When it opened in 2006 Black Mamba was voted the eighth best roller coaster in the world. Its current position at 34 makes it one of the best inverted roller coasters around.
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